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What is cancer
 
 
CANCER is a broad group of various diseases, all involving unregulated cell growth. All cancers begin in cells, the body's basic unit of life. To understand cancer, it's helpful to know what happens when normal cells become cancer cells. The body is made up of many types of cells. These cells grow and divide in a controlled way to produce more cells as they are needed to keep the body healthy. When cells become old or damaged, they die and are replaced with new cells. But sometimes this orderly process goes wrong. The genetic material (DNA) of a cell can become damaged or changed, producing mutations that affect normal cell growth and division. When this happens, cells do not die when they should and new cells form when the body does not need them. The extra cells may form a mass of tissue called a tumour. Not all tumors are cancerous; tumors can be benign or malignant. Benign tumors aren't cancerous. They can often be removed, and, in most cases, they do not come back. Cells in benign tumors do not spread to other parts of the body. Malignant tumors are cancerous. Cells in these tumors can invade nearby tissues and spread to other parts of the body. The spread of cancer from one part of the body to another is called metastasis.

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What is Breast cancer
 
 
A breast is made up of three main parts: glands, ducts, and connective tissue. The glands produce milk. The ducts are passages that carry milk to the nipple. The connective tissue (which consists of fibrous and fatty tissue) connects and holds everything together

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Causes of Breast Cancer
 
 
Incidence, and risk factors

Over the course of a lifetime, 1 in 8 women is diagnosed with breast cancer.
Risk factors you cannot change include
  • Age and gender
  • Family history of breast
  • Genes
  • Menstrual cycle
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Breast Self Examination
 
 
Breast self examination (BSE) is to be performed each month in addition to an annual mammogram or a clinical exam. Knowing your cyclical changes, what is normal for you, and what regular monthly changes in the breast feel like is the best way to keep an eye on your breast health. Breast tissue extends from under your nipple and areola up toward your armpit.

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Risk Signs & Symptoms Prevention
 
 
All women, especially those over the age of 30. Also look out for following cases .
  • Women with a family history of breast cancer (mother or sister)
  • Personal history of benign breast disease
  • Late age (30) of first pregnancy or never bearing children
  • Those with a high fat intake, or those who are obese
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Medical Tests for Breast Cancer
 
 
Tests

The doctor will ask you about your symptoms and risk factors. Then the doctor will perform a physical exam, which includes both breasts, armpits, and the neck and chest area. Tests used to diagnose and monitor patients with breast cancer may include

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No ! I can't have Cancer ! (COPING)
 
 
Turn your face to the sun and the shadows fall behind you.

A cancer diagnosis brings many things to cope with, both body and mind. When you are given the news of a breast cancer diagnosis, you may react on many different levels all at once. Your heart skips a beat, lungs gasp for air, ears block out sound, eyes become still and wet, stomach contracts, and arms move protectively across your chest. Your mind and emotions wrestle for control, a struggle that may go on until you have time to adjust.

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Emotions and Breast Cancer
 
 
Emotions of the Patient

A diagnosis of breast cancer is a great shock. Women report that they fear breast cancer more than heart disease, even though they have a better chance of surviving breast cancer, and later dying of stroke or heart failure. Breast cancer has been with us since the early Egyptians, and fear of this disease as well as the treatments for it, seems to be inherent in women all across the world.

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Treatment
   
Treatment
 
 
Treatment is based on many factors, including:
  • Type and stage of the cancer.
  • Whether the cancer is sensitive to certain hormones
  • Whether the cancer overproduces (overexpresses) a gene called HER2/neu
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Smoking and Cancer
   
Harms of Smoking and Health Benefits of Quitting
 
 
Key Points
  • Tobacco smoke is harmful to smokers and nonsmokers.
  • Cigarette smoking causes many types of cancer, including cancers of the lung, esophagus, larynx (voice box), mouth, throat, kidney, bladder, pancreas, stomach, and cervix, as well as acute myeloid leukemia.
  • Quitting smoking reduces the health risks caused by exposure to tobacco smoke.
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